Abstract: Chapter 2 - Role of the Ocularist,
Enucleation, Evisceration and Exenteration of the Eye
Raymond C. Jahrling, B.C.O., F.A.S.O.
role of the ocularist is not generally known beyond
the medical profession, except to those who have
need of ocular prosthetic services. The ocularist's
role often is not fully understood even within the
specialty of ophthalmology. This chapter aims
to make the ocularist's many contributions more
clearly understood and therefore more useful to
"Ocularistry developed as a profession at the
same time as what could be considered the emerging
specialty of oculoplastic surgery, beginning with
eye surgeon P. H. Mule's (1884) realization that
his service for the patient should not stop at simply
performing an evisceration...
role of the artificial eye maker, who once served
only as an ancillary provider of stock and custom
glass eyes, has expanded significantly...
is more to the ocularist's duties than the technical
and artistic craft of fabricating and fitting the
physical ocular prosthetic device. Humanizing
the contact between ocularist and patient through
verbal communication may not be offered for credit
in education institutions, but is does prove beneficial.
The ocularist, who spends a considerable number
of hours one-on-one with the patient during the
various stages of preparation, fabrication, and
fitting of the prosthesis, can serve as both rehabilitator
Published 1999 by Butterworth-Heinemann,
225 Wildwood Avenue, Woburn, MA 01801-2041